At Nafferton, we follow the Twinkl Phonics scheme and this is supported by additional resources. Year on year, children acquire the necessary skills for reading and by the end of Foundation, children have the strong foundations for reading and are able to segment and blend with ease. Children progress through Phases 1 – 6 and learn to recognise phonemes and write graphemes. As children progress, they begin to learn alternative pronunciations of phonemes and the various graphemes which can represent these sounds. Within each Phase, children learn to read and write various tricky words, high frequency words and common exception words. We use a range of materials to supplement the teaching of phonics and both practical and written approaches to support learning to ensure the best possible outcomes are achieved. Alongside this, we use Oxford Reading Tree scheme books to enable children to practise their reading skills and we have also developed our own SEND reading scheme which contain age and stage appropriate books. Children in EYFS and KS1 receive daily phonics lessons and this continues into KS2 where necessary. At Nafferton, we recognise that every child has a different starting point and teachers tailor methods and interventions to meet children’s needs to ensure progress.